Real glamor cats, the himalayans
combine the luxurious sophistication of the Persian family with
the poise, good looks and markings of the Siamese. Like the Siamese
the himalayan invariably has bright, sapphire-blue eyes and a face
mask, ears, legs, feet and tail (the 'points') that are a different
color than the rest of the body.
Experimental breeding programs in
Sweden and the US during the 1920's produced the first Himalayans,
but it was not until the late 1940's after a succession of carefully
planned crossbreedings bewtween Persians and Siamese, that the modern
cat finally emerged.
Himalayans are a subdivision of
the Persian breed, whereas a few decades ago, in the CFA, they were
presented as a separate breed.
To their owners, Himalayans combine
the best of the two worlds: they have the gentle nature of the Persian,
and the spirited, conversational nature of the Siamese. They are
Himalayans come in MANY color varieties,
such as sealpoint, bluepoint, chocolate point, creampoint, flamepoint
to name a few. Crossing in tabby has also produced lynx-points in
as many colors.
breed standard describes the Himalayan persian as follows:
HIMALAYAN (POINT) PATTERN: Body: clear color
is preferred with subtle shading allowed. Allowance should be made
for darker color in older cats but there must be a definite contrast
between body color and point color. The points, consisting of ears,
legs, feet, tail, and mask show the basic color of the cat. The
ideal mask extends from above the eyes down through the chin and
stretches beyond the eyes from side to side.
SEAL POINT: body even pale
fawn to cream, warm in tone, shading gradually into lighter color
on the stomach and chest. Points deep seal brown. Nose leather and
paw pads: seal brown. Eye color: deep vivid blue.
To its devoted followers
the white persian combines all the virtue of its type: glamor, a
noble expression, fur that is silky to the touch, and a sweet tranquil
Although pure white cats
of the Angora type were the first longhaired cats to be introduced
into Europe as long ago as the 16th century, the modern white persian
is of the Victorian era. It was developed by crossbreeding Angoras
with persians. The breed was shown in London in 1903 and has increased
in popularity since.
White persians are fastidious
cats who take pride in their appearance, regualarly cleaning themselves.
They are calm and affectionate and make a superb pet for those confined
indoors - a classic salon cat.
breed standard describes the white persian as follows:
WHITE: pure glistening white.
Nose leather and paw pads: pink. Eye color: deep blue or brilliant
copper. Odd-eyed whites shall have one blue and one copper eye with
equal color depth.
and Tortoiseshell Persians
The Parti-Color Division of CFA is truly unique
among the Persian divisions: as a division made up entirely of females,
it is the only division that cannot reproduce itself without going
outside its division.
Bluecream: A coat that is a pleasing mixture
of cream and pale blue-gray has ensured that this breed's enormous
popularity will continue.
The way in which the color genes are inherited
means that male blue-cream persians are rare and most invariably,
sterile. In fact, registries sauch as the CFA do not allow the registration
of a bluecream male, only females.
The bluecream persian is considered more outgoing
than many persians but is equally affectionate and amenable.
breed standard describes the
blue cream persian as follows:
BLUE-CREAM: blue with patches
cream or softly intermingled areas of
cream on both body and extremities. Lighter shades preferred. Nose
leather and paw pads: blue and/or pink.
Eye color: brilliant copper
"In 1995 the
color descriptions for all Parti-Colors were revised to make both
patches and areas of intermingled colors acceptable, since it is
impossible to breed for a particular Parti-Color pattern (as opposed
to Bi-Colors). Also, in 1995, the tortoiseshell color description
was revised to eliminate any reference to cream, since tortoiseshells
cannot actually exhibit cream as they do not have two dilution genes.
The typical tortoiseshell
is a patchwork of black and red, usually in a random mixture and
in many cases forming a fine-grained mosaic. In other cats, however,
there are relatively large areas of clear black and red. If you
look closely at the red areas on such a tortoiseshell, you may see
that they resemble the coat of a red tabby. This explains the very
common, but incorrect, statement that the tortoiseshell exhibits
the three colors - black, red, and cream. The cream areas correspond
to the pale parts of the red tabby's coat. The colors can look quite
distinct when separated by an area of black, but this is only a
result of the fact that the non-agouti gene is ineffective on red.
A cat either has the dilute gene, or it does not - the dilute gene
changes black to blue and red to cream."
from CFA webpage
from The Ultimate Cat Book by Daivid Taylor
Of all the persians, the Blue Persian's
popularity has been the most enduring. One hundred examples of the
breed were entered in the 1899 London cat show and today there are
special shows in Britain devoted solely to the Blue Persian.
the Blue Persian Society page and look through the pictures of blue
show cats from nearly 100 yrs ago!
Carefully controlled breeding has ensured
that the Blue Persian most closely represents the standard laid
down for Persians and as a result it is frequently used to improve
the type of other color varieties.
History of the Blue Persian
Although longhaired blue cats have been
featured in artists' impressions for several centuries, and were
well-known in Renaissance Italy, the modern variety did not come
into its own until the late nineteenth century.
The breed probably originated from crossbreeding
between white persians and black persians and early examples showed
The Foundation of the Blue Persian Society
in Britain in 1901 gave the breed considerable prstige which was further
enhanced by the patronage of Queen Victoria.
The Blue Persian has a well-deserved reputation
for being calm, considerate and above all, gentle.
The BLUE that gives the breed its name
is in afact a dilute form of black that may be more accurately described
BLUE: blue, lighter shade preferred, one
level tone from nose to tip of tail. Sound to the roots. A sound
darker shade is more acceptable than an unsound lighter shade. Nose
leather and paw pads: blue. Eye color: brilliant copper.
of these striking, flame-colored cats have SOME tabby markings,
particularly on the face, legs and tail. There are some fine examples
of red (not tabby) persians in the CFA. They are one of the hardest
types to breed for exhibition.
long coat makes the markings less evident.
as Red Persians were originally known, were being shown in Britain
as early as 1895.
the early 1930's a German breeder produced some excellent examples
of the breed, but unfortunately, his stock was destroyed in WW II.
breed remained rare in Britain during the 1940's but a revival of
interest and selective breeding have ensured the Red Persian's continued
presence on the show bench.
and friendly, the Red Persian makes a highly decorative and pleasant
TABBY PATTERN: markings dense, clearly defined, and broad. Legs
evenly barred with bracelets coming up to meet the body markings.
Tail evenly ringed. Several unbroken necklaces on neck and upper
chest, the more the better. Frown marks on forehead form an intricate
letter "M." Unbroken line runs back from outer corner
of eye. Swirls on cheeks. Vertical lines over back of head extend
to shoulder markings which are in the shape of a butterfly with
both upper and lower wings distinctly outlined and marked with dots
inside outline. Back markings consist of a vertical line down the
spine from butterfly to tail with a vertical stripe paralleling
it on each side, the three stripes well separated by stripes of
the ground color. Large solid blotch on each side to be encircled
by one or more unbroken rings. Side markings should be the same
on both sides. Double vertical rows of buttons on chest and stomach.
TABBY PATTERN: markings dense, clearly defined, and all narrow pencillings.
Legs evenly barred with narrow bracelets coming up to meet the body
markings. Tail barred. Necklaces on neck and chest distinct, like
so many chains. Head barred with an "M" on the forehead.
Unbroken lines running back from the eyes. Lines running down the
head to meet the shoulders. Spine lines run together to form a narrow
saddle. Narrow pencillings run around body
TABBY (classic, mackerel): ground color red. Markings deep, rich
red. Lips and chin the same shade as the rings around the eyes.
Nose leather and paw pads: brick red. Eye color: brilliant copper.
The cream coat color is sound
from root to tip. The paler and more "buff" the coat color,
the better. We do not want to see darkening spread across the back,
sides or legs. A reddish or brownish hue to the tips of the coat
is undesirable. Nose leather and paw-pads are pink (really a rose
color as opposed to a pink shade).
The eye color is a brilliant
copper. Here, a brownish-copper eye color compliments a cream coat
and is the eye color of choice